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Details challenges and recommendations for setting priorities, refocusing programs, and leveraging donor cooperation to improve Haiti's public services, including justice, security, economic policy, housing and infrastructure, education, and health.
Examines the media and communications response to the earthquake, including humanitarian groups' attitudes toward new platforms, innovative digital media use, and the effectiveness of radio. Makes recommendations for media, humanitarians, and donors.
Harvard Humanitarian Initiative;
Outlines the challenges of and recommendations for creating an effective interface between humanitarian groups and volunteer and technical communities aggregating, visualizing, and analyzing data on and from affected communities to support relief efforts.
Inter-American Development Bank (IDB);
Under the Haiti Outreach (HO) model, HO asks communities for proposals to drill or refurbish a well. Then, they will only do so if the community agrees to form a maintenance committee; deposit a set amount per month for operation and maintence (committees decide who forms the community and how to set user fees); hire a guard (to enforce hours of operation, set by committees); and disseminate information through public meetings. These researchers found a unique opportunity to test the effectiveness of this community-based model as compared to standard well maintenance: following the earthquake in 2010, HO was asked to repair 158 wells and then turn them over to other groups. These wells did not receive the community-based management training, and thus serve as a comparison group. Although there are some weakness to this methodology, the author notes that it is difficult to imagine better data becoming available for evaluating alternative well maintenance approaches in rural Haiti. This paper also presents a model to quantify the tradeoff between equity and sustainabilty that characterizes the choice of whether or not to charge user fees.
American Red Cross;
The American Red Cross is continuing to rebuild what the earthquake destroyed in Haiti. In the quake's immediate aftermath, they worked side by side with our Red Cross partners to provide lifesaving relief supplies. Since that time, they have helped nearly 4.4 million Haitians to get back on their feet. This report describes the accomplishments and challenges of the past four years.
Save the Children;
January 12, 2010, was a day of profound tragedy for Haiti. Four years after Haiti's epic earthquake, the numbers are still hard to accept. Over 230,000 people were killed in a matter of moments and 1.5 million others were displaced. More than 70,000 homes, businesses and public buildings were destroyed. The national government was crippled; the dead included 25 percent of all civil servants. Nearly 5,000 schools were damaged or destroyed as the ground convulsed beneath the capital of Port-au-Prince and the surrounding countryside. A fragile government, poor infrastructure and insecurity exponentially compounded the earthquake's impact, and left the population vulnerable to the cholera epidemic that affected over 630,000 people from October 2010, as well as hurricanes and tropical storms that caused flooding and wreaked havoc in 2012 and 2013. An end is in sight. Over 89% of the displaced population has left the camps; the incidence of cholera has been halved since the outbreak in 2010; severe food insecurity has been brought down from 1.5 million affected people in early 2013 to 600,000 by October 2013. Such progress was made possible by the power of your support, combined with our work and the incredible efforts of the Haitian people themselves. Now is the time to capitalize on this progress to achieve real lasting change. Now is the time to impact the lives of Haiti's most vulnerable. Now is the time to move together towards a brighter future for Haiti's children. These children still have critical unmet needs and acute vulnerabilities, requiring proven life and livelihood-saving interventions.
Hauser Institute For Civil Society at Harvard Kennedy School;
The Hauser Institute conducted a new study exploring the value, parameters, and sustainability of a Haiti Funders Forum. In collaboration with The Haiti Fund at the Boston Foundation and with support from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation, researchers Paula Johnson and Colleen Kelly conducted a series of conversations with funder network leaders, individual interviews with Haiti funders, and a survey of a broad range of funders and other constituents to analyze and assess the potential activities and operational issues of a forum. The creation of a Haiti Funders Forum would aim to increase the effectiveness of philanthropy in Haiti by promoting information sharing, networking, and collaboration among grantmakers and social investors and through advocacy for increased philanthropy to and within the country. The report summarizes the findings and makes recommendations on a Forum's values, mission, and goals; functions and activities; and institutional and operational aspects.
One year on, rape survivors continue to arrive at the office of a local women's support group almost every other day. Sexual violence was widespread in Haiti before January 2010 but this has been exacerbated by the conditions since the earthquake. AI's report highlights how the lack of security and policing in and around the camps is a major factor for the increase in attacks over the past year. AI is calling for the new government to urgently take steps to end violence against women as part of a wider plan to address the humanitarian effort. The report states that women in the camps must be fully involved in developing any such plan.
The following paper includes findings from a national survey of US charitable donors that was conducted the week after the earthquake in Haiti occurred and during intense fundraising efforts for emergency relief. This data indicates that mobile philanthropy, while not universally accepted is gaining traction with younger generations, and the text-to-gift efforts around Haiti could be the tipping point for greater adoption.
Agence Française de Développement (AFD);
The French Agency for Development (AFD) and the French Foundation both gave support in Haïti after the earthquake of 2010. This report is a common assessment of their investment. In this framework, the collaboration between stakeholders is essential, as between those who support long term development, like the French Agency for Development, and those who react to a specific crisis, like the French Foundation in the case of Haïti. This common evaluation is a first collaborative step for both institutions towards future partnerships.
Haiti has long faced severe natural and human-created hazards due to its location in the Caribbean hurricane zone and to widespread deforestation. Hazards including storms, floods, and droughts have highly destructive impacts on buildings, land, water, livestock, and people in Haiti. The poorest Haitians, including low-income women, children, and elderly people, are especially vulnerable.The prospects for building Haiti's resilience to climate change are closely tied to post-earthquake reconstruction. As Haiti prepares for more disasters and rebuilds significant parts of its infrastructure, there is a real opportunity to integrate climate resilience into these efforts.This report analyses Haiti's adaptive capacity, adaptation options, and finance and governance issues. It makes recommendations on resilience building and identifies climate-change adaptation needs and opportunities.