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Sargasso Sea Alliance;
The Sargasso Sea is a fundamentally important part of the world's ocean, located within the North Atlantic sub-tropical gyre with its boundaries defined by the surrounding currents. It is the only sea without land boundaries with water depths ranging from the surface coral reefs of Bermuda to abyssal plains at 4500 m. The Sargasso Sea's importance derives from the interdependent mix of its physical structure and properties, its ecosystems, its role in global scale ocean and earth system processes, its socio-economic and cultural values, and its role in global scientific research. Despite this, the Sargasso Sea is threatened by a range of human activities that either directly adversely impact it or have the potential to do so. Being Open Ocean, the Sargasso Sea is part of the High Seas, the area of ocean that covers nearly 50%of the earth's surface but which is beyond the jurisdiction and responsibility of any national government, and as such it enjoys little protection. To promote the importance of the Sargasso Sea, the Sargasso Sea Alliance was created under the leadership of the Government of Bermudian 2010. This report provides a summary of the scientific and other supporting evidence for the importance of the Sargasso Sea and is intended to develop international recognition of this; to start the process of establishing appropriate management and precautionary regimes within existing agreements; and to stimulate a wider debate on appropriate management and protection for the High Seas. Nine reasons why the Sargasso Sea is important are described and discussed. It is a place of legend with a rich history of great importance to Bermuda; it has an iconic ecosystem based upon floating Sargassum, the world's only holopelagic seaweed, hosting a rich and diverse community including ten endemic species; it provides essential habitat for nurturing a wide diversity of species many of which are endangered or threatened; it is the only breeding location for the threatened European and American eels; it lies within a large ocean gyre which concentrates pollutants and which has a variety of oceanographic processes that impact its productivity and species diversity; it plays a disproportionately large role in global ocean processes of carbon sequestration; it is of major importance for global scientific research and monitoring and is home to the world's longest ocean time series of measurements; it has significant values to local and world-wide economies; and it is threatened by activities including over-fishing, pollution, shipping, and Sargassum harvesting. Apart from over-fishing many of the threats are potential, with few direct causal relationships between specific activities and adverse impacts. But there is accumulative evidence that the Sargasso Sea is being adversely impacted by human activities, and with the possibility of new uses for Sargassum in the future, the lack of direct scientific evidence does not preclude international action through the established precautionary approach. The opportunity to recognize the importance of the Sargasso Sea and to develop and implement procedures to protect this iconic region and the wider High Seas should be taken before it is too late.
This report is the third in a series to chronicle the concluding years of The Atlantic Philanthropies, the largest foundation ever to decide to commit its entire endowment in a limited timeframe and then close its doors.
It covers events that occurred from late 2010 through September 2012, some four to five years before Atlantic expects to make its final grant commitments, including:an intense 10-month strategic planning process to narrow its grantmaking focus and set a timetable for the foundation's concluding period for each programme and each country where it operatesstaff concerns as the realities of the end of foundation set inHuman Resources' plans to help employees prepare for their post-Atlantic careers and positive reactions to the release of an explicit policy on severancean examination into the issue of grantee sustainability, particularly in countries and programmes where replacement funders are unlikely.In-depth case studies explore Atlantic's impact and the challenge of grantee sustainability in two focus areas: efforts to abolish the death penalty in the U.S. and to promote the rights of the rural poor in South Africa.
Pew Environment Group;
The Sargasso Sea is one of the great ecological wonders of the world; on its surface floats a "golden rainforest" as teeming with colorful life as a coral reef. It remains much as it was when first described by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Plants, fish, turtles, and crabs thrive in this exceptionally clear, warm body of water, miles above the ocean floor. Among its wonders are birds that roost on the mats of golden Sargassum seaweed; a fish that has evolved pectoral fins, like five-fingered hands, that enable it to grasp and climb the seaweed; and eels that travel vast distances from the rivers of Europe and North America to reproduce somewhere in its depths before they die. This is the only sea in the world surrounded by currents, rather than land, and Bermuda is the only island within it. In addition to providing a nursery for fish and other sea life, the seaweed benefits Bermuda directly when it washes ashore and sinks into the sand, fertilizing the soil and strengthening the island against storms and erosion.
In 2010, the Bermuda Civil Society Project (BCSP) Taskforce launched a Field Mapping Committee to categorise the social service organisations in Bermuda, both governmental and non-governmental, including many registered under the Bermuda Charities Act 1978. This mapping process aimed to create a picture of the landscape of registered charitable entities (RCEs) and to develop an understanding of the work that is being done, the overlaps,and the gaps relative to community priorities. Through an online survey and phone interviews and by using a new comprehensive Field Mapping tool, the committee categorised approximately 481 RCEs based on their organisational profiles, key programmes and missions.
Offers a research synthesis on Bermuda's nonprofit sector, including trends and challenges, landscape, and snapshots of the health, education, workforce, and youth violence issue areas; an analysis of agency priorities and data; and recommendations.