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First Kids 1st;
This guide provides information for tribal leaders on how to successfully engage youth.
Robina Institute of Criminal Law and Criminal Justice;
The first agency responsible for prison release in Wyoming was the Board of Charities and Reform, established in 1889 under the state's constitution. In 1947, the role shifted to the Board of Pardons, which was comprised of five elected officials: the governor, the secretary of state, the state auditor, the state treasurer, and the state superintendent of public instruction. The Wyoming legislature created the Board of Parole in 1971. This parole board has existed in its current form since 2003, and has assumed the functions of the pardons board in addition to granting paroles. Felony offenders receive indeterminate sentences. There are no sentencing guidelines. However, Wyoming has instituted mandatory minimum sentences for some crimes as well as a habitual offender/"three-strikes" law.
Carsey School of Public Policy at The University of New Hampshire;
In January 2016, the Department of Interior announced a moratorium on all new federal coal leases while it conducts an in-depth review of the process by which coal owned by the American public is sold to private enterprise for harvest. Nearly 40 percent of all coal produced in the United States comes from federal land, and coal still powers one-third of the nation's electricity grid.
Corporation for Enterprise Development (CFED);
The Assets & Opportunity Scorecard is a comprehensive look at Americans' financial security today and their opportunities to create a more prosperous future. It assesses the 50 states and the District of Columbia on 130 outcome and policy measures, which describe how well residents are faring and what states are doing to help them build and protect assets. The Scorecard enables states to benchmark their outcomes and policies against other states in five issue areas: Financial Assets & Income, Businesses & Jobs, Housing & Homeownership, Health Care, and Education.
Public Education Network (PEN);
The PEN national office launched a 2005 No Child Left Behind (NCLB) online survey to follow up on the 2004 survey. The 2004 survey generated 12,000 responses and greatly influenced the recommendations in the "Open to the Public" report released in March 2005. PEN was particularly interested in reaching grassroots constituencies, but the voices of everyone -- including educators -- were counted.
Biodiversity Conservation Alliance;
Maps the state's sensitive wildlife habitats and landscapes sensitive to wind power development, indicating where development should be avoided, could proceed with caution, or is encouraged. Makes siting recommendations and lists best practices.
Carbon Tracker Initiative;
The Department of the Interior is required to manage public lands, including the coal, oil, and gas they contain, "to benefit Americans now and in the future." Right now, Interior is beginning to look at how to reform elements of its federal coal program. A new report by the Carbon Tracker Initiative has analyzed the coal program in the context of what it means for our climate, and the conclusion is clear: Interior should make the moratorium on new coal leases permanent.The lands Interior manages include our national parks, which are celebrating their centennial, and which exemplify the idea of managing natural resources for the benefit of both current and future generations. When it comes to fossil energy resources, by contrast, Interior's actions have primarily benefited fossil fuel companies. Now the agency has the chance to change course and get it right. It is becoming abundantly clear that going forward, this means keeping fossil fuels in the ground.Protecting Our Climate Is More Important than Subsidizing CoalEarlier this year Interior Secretary Sally Jewell directed the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to conduct a systematic review of its coal leasing program, and put a moratorium on new coal leases in the interim – an important step toward improving the management of our fossil fuel resources. The Department has asked for public comment on what should be included in this review by July 28th.A central feature of the review should be to examine the coal program in the context of the climate goal the United States – and more than 170 other countries – adopted in the Paris Agreement to determine what, if any, level of coal production from public lands is compatible with holding global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels.NextGen Climate America asked Carbon Tracker to rigorously examine this question. The results are in and the answer is clear: If we are serious about limiting global warming to well below 2ºC, no new federal coal leases will be needed as coal ceases to be a major source of electricity in America. In fact, we have already leased more coal than we can afford to burn.The obvious conclusion is that the coal moratorium needs to be made permanent. For existing and past leases, Interior needs to enforce the law requiring mining companies to contemporaneously reclaim disturbed land to functional pre-mining conditions, and charge royalties that reflect the full social cost of extracting and burning coal rather than leaving it in the ground.
Feeding America (formerly America's Second Harvest);
This report presents information on the clients and agencies served by the Food Bank of the Rockies. The information is drawn from a national study, Hunger in America 2006, conducted for America's Second Harvest (A2H), the nation's largest organization of emergency food providers. The national study is based on completed in-person interviews with more than 52,000 clients served by the A2H food bank network, as well as on completed questionnaires from more than 30,000 A2H agencies. The study summarized below focuses mainly on emergency food providers and their clients who are supplied with food by food banks in the A2H network.Key Findings: The A2H system served by the Food Bank of the Rockies provides food for an estimated 312,400 different people annually. 43% of the members of households served by the Food Bank of the Rockies are children under 18 years old (Table 5.3.2).50% of client households include at least one employed adult (Table 5.7.1). Among client households with children, 77% are food insecure and 43% are experiencing hunger (Table 6.1.1). 45% of clients served by the Food Bank of the Rockies report having to choose between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel (Table 6.5.1). 38% had to choose between paying for food and paying for medicine or medical care (Table 6.5.1). 23% of households served by the Food Bank of the Rockies report having at least one household member in poor health (Table 8.1.1)The Food Bank of the Rockies included approximately 710 agencies at the administration of this survey, of which 461 have responded to the agency survey. Of the responding agencies, 345 had at least one food pantry, soup kitchen, or shelter. 74% of pantries, 76% of kitchens, and 43% of shelters are run by faith-based agencies affiliated with churches, mosques, synagogues, and other religious organizations (Table 10.6.1).54% of pantries, 58% of kitchens, and 52% of shelters of the Food Bank of the Rockies reported that there had been an increase since 2001 in the number of clients who come to their emergency food program sites (Table 10.8.1). Food banks are by far the single most important source of food for the agencies, accounting for 77% of the food used by pantries, 47% of kitchens' food, and 29% of shelters' food (Table 13.1.1). For the Food Bank of the Rockies, 86% of pantries, 83% of kitchens, and 60% of shelters use volunteers (Table 13.2.1).
Environmental Working Group;
As the southern Great Plains get hotter and drier, is federal policy that encourages farmers not to adapt to climate change leading to another Dust Bowl?That's the troubling question raised by a new EWG report that shows how a provision in the federal crop insurance program provides a strong financial incentive for growers to plant the same crops in the same way, year in and year out, regardless of changing climate conditions. What's worse, this program is focused on the same southern Great Plains counties hit hardest by the Dust Bowl of the 1930s, the worst man-made environmental disaster in American history.The federal crop insurance program guarantees farmers' earnings from their crops won't fall below a percentage of their usual income. The percentage is set based on a multi-year average of a farmer's actual crop yields. Averaging good and bad years grounds the program in reality.But a provision called the Actual Production History Yield Exclusion – snuck into the 2014 Farm Bill during conference negotiations – allows growers to drop bad years from their average crop yield calculations. The government simply pretends these bad years didn't happen. In some cases, more than 15 bad years can be thrown out when calculating the average yield, resulting in artificially inflated insurance payouts.It makes sense for crop insurance to give growers a break if they're occasionally hit by one or two bad years, but keeping growers on a treadmill of failed crops and insurance payouts is foolish. Helping farmers adapt to the new weather conditions would be considerably better, and was exactly what helped growers survive the Dust Bowl and return to productivity.The southern Great Plains are getting hotter and drier. Drought has been common over the last 10 years and forecasts show the number of days above 100 degrees quadrupling by 2050. Implementing conservation practices to adapt to changing climate conditions is vital for growers who want to stay in business.Some, but not enough, growers are already adopting conservation techniques in this region. Savings from ending the misguided yield exclusion policy could be used to help more growers change the way they farm to face the challenges posed by a changing climate.
Feeding America (formerly America's Second Harvest);
This report presents information on the clients and agencies served by Food Bank of the Rockies. The information is drawn from a national study, Hunger in America 2010, conducted in 2009 for Feeding America (FA) (formerly America's Second Harvest), the nation's largest organization of emergency food providers. The national study is based on completed in-person interviews with more than 62,000 clients served by the FA national network, as well as on completed questionnaires from more than 37,000 FA agencies. The study summarized below focuses on emergency food providers and their clients who are supplied with food by food banks in the FA network.Key findings: The FA system served by Food Bank of the Rockies provides emergency food for an estimated 367,000 different people annually.42% of the members of households served by Food Bank of the Rockies are children under 18 years old (Table 5.3.2).43% of households include at least one employed adult (Table 5.7.1).Among households with children, 81% are food insecure and 35% are food insecure with very low food security (Table 188.8.131.52).49% of clients served by Food Bank of the Rockies report having to choose between paying for food and paying for utilities or heating fuel (Table 6.5.1).36% had to choose between paying for food and paying for medicine or medical care (Table 6.5.1).25% of households served by Food Bank of the Rockies report having at least one household member in poor health (Table 8.1.1)Food Bank of the Rockies included approximately 540 agencies at the administration of this survey, of which 485 have responded to the agency survey. Of the responding agencies, 358 had at least one food pantry, soup kitchen, or shelter.73% of pantries, 68% of kitchens, and 50% of shelters are run by faith-based agencies affiliated with churches, mosques, synagogues, and other religious organizations (Table 10.6.1).Among programs that existed in 2006, 79% of pantries, 83% of kitchens, and 62% of shelters of Food Bank of the Rockies reported that there had been an increase since 2006 in the number of clients who come to their emergency food program sites (Table 10.8.1).Food banks are by far the single most important source of food for agencies with emergency food providers, accounting for 79% of the food distributed by pantries, 52% of the food distributed by kitchens, and 45% of the food distributed by shelters (Table 13.1.1).As many as 93% of pantries, 85% of kitchens, and 85% of shelters in Food Bank of the Rockies use volunteers (Table 13.2.1).